Fig.1 Influenza virus structure (a), genome segment organization (b), and gene products (c).
Fig.2 The life cycle of influenza virus.
Influenza (shown in Fig.3), also known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease caused by a highly contagious respiratory virus, influenza virus. It is most common during the fall and winter months. Generally, there are four different types of influenza viruses: influenza A, B, C, and D. As a virology antibody expert, Creative Biolabs provides a comprehensive suite of virology antibody discovery and development services. Based on our advanced platforms, we can offer various types of antibodies targeting influenza virus to help our customers achieve their virology research goals.
Fig.3 Influenza virus structure.
Types of Influenza Virus
In terms of influenza virus, there are four types: Type A, Type B, Type C, and Type D. Three of them affect humans: Type A, Type B, and Type C. Type D has not been known to infect humans, but have the potential to do so. Influenza A and B are the two types of influenza that cause epidemic seasonal infections nearly every year.
Influenza A is further divided into different subtypes. These subtypes are based on the combination of two proteins on the viral surface: hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N). There are 18 different H subtypes and 11 different N subtypes. All known subtypes of influenza A viruses can infect birds, except subtypes H17N10 and H18N11, which have only been found in bats. Some influenza virus subtypes (i.e., H1N1, H3N2, H5N1, H7N9) are in general circulation among people.
Similar to type A, influenza B is also highly contagious and can have dangerous influences on human health in more severe cases. However, this type can only be spread from human to human. Type B influenza can result in seasonal outbreaks and can be transferred throughout the year.
Influenza C is the mildest version of the flu. If infected with type C influenza, patients’ symptoms will not be as damaging. Influenza D is known to infect pigs and cattle. So far, no human infections from this virus have been observed. Cases of infections from influenza D virus are rare compared to influenza A, B, and C.
Antibody Products and Services for Influenza Virus
At Creative Biolabs, we offer different types of antibodies to meet clients’ requirements. There are polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies for the influenza virus. Please browse our comprehensive portfolio of validated, conjugated and unconjugated primary antibodies, secondary antibodies, isotype controls. You can also use the search bar above to easily find thousands of primary and secondary ViroAntibodies validated and cited for a wide range of applications, such as WB, ELISA, IHC/ICC/IF, FACS, Neutralizing and others. Please view the Full List of Influenza Virus Antibodies
Except for these off-the-shelf antibodies, we also provide personalized solutions, including ViroAntibody discovery, ViroAntibody engineering, ViroAntibody customized services to help global researchers produce specific antibodies and best tailor the requirements and maximize the success of your project. We provide high quality antibodies with competitive price. For any questions, please contact us to learn more.
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